瑯喬卑南道

Nureng River
恆春、卑南古道旭海端所經過的女仍溪

Nureng River that flows through to the Xuhai end of the Hengchun Beinan Historic Trail is located in Mudan Township in Pingtung County. As rainfall happens in summer, the river turns into a low current in winter and becomes a barren stream. The Hengchun Beinan Historic Trail, which crosses Hengchun Township in Pingtung County and Taitung City in Taitung County, runs northward along the coast from Hengchun through Manzhou, joining other trails in Pingtung, and then arriving at Taitung City.  In the middle of the Japanese occupation period, the Hengchun Beinan Historic Trail had long been widened as a designated road for cars. Therefore, the remainder of the trail that we see today are mostly roads for cars during the Japanese occupation. Currently the impassable section of the road is in the Guanyinbi area.

Bayao Bay
從高處遠眺恆春半島東海岸八瑤灣

Bayao Bay is located on the east coast of the Hengchun Peninsula in Manzhou Township, Pingtung County. It is a historical site for the Mudan incident that happened during the Qing period. At that time, the ship Yamahara voyaged from Miyako Island of Ryukyu to Naha to pay the annual tribute. On its return it got blown off course, hit by a typhoon and shipwrecked off the southeastern coast near Bayao Bay. After the sailors on board landed, they were killed by the Paiwan people of the neighboring Gaoshifuoshe. Ryukyu Kingdom was at that time in the sphere of Japanese influence and therefore, Japan used this incident as an excuse to attack Taiwan and the indigenous people in 1874, and eventually annex Ryukyu Kingdom in 1879. This Mudan incident was a wake-up call for the Qing government and they began to actively manage the Hengchun Peninsula, and the Taiwanese policy also changed drastically.

 

Manzhou Gangzai Village
滿州鄉港仔村的入口意象

Gangzai Village is located at the northernmost of the Manzhou Township in Pingtung County. It is almost mountainous. The riverbanks of Gangzai River and its tributary Jiaoxi, as well as the river valley plain where the stream flows into the ocean are the main farmland for the whole village. In the past, Gangzai Village was the traditional territory of the Gaoshifuoshe of Paiwan ethnic group. Later, Amis people from the Hengchun area also settled here. The village used to be a passing point on the Langjiao Beinan Historic Trail, but today it has been rebuilt as the end of County Road 200, which is remote and inconvenient for transportation.

Street of Manzhou
滿州街景

Manzhou Village is located in the basin of Gangkou River and its tributary Laofo River in Manzhou Township, Pingtung County. In the past, it was the traditional hunting ground for the Wenshuai-Shandingshe of Paiwan ethnic group and the Zhusheng-sushe (Ciljasuak) of Seqalu ethnic group. Later, the Hakka immigrants came here to cultivate. During the Japanese occupation period, Taiwan’s Government-General set up villages, public schools, police posts, telecommunication offices, post offices, and other facilities here, making it the administrative center of Manzhou Township. In 1920, local system corrections were implemented and Wenshuai was re-named to Manzhou. However, as the two characters of “Manzhou” is the same as the Manzhou in north-eastern China, it got opposed by residents and was rewritten to the current name.

Chuhuo
出火特別景觀區的入口意象

Chuhuo is located outside Hengchun East Gate in Hengchun Township, Pingtung County, and under the Erchongxi Bridge on the 3 km point on the northern side of County Road 200. It is a famous geological landscape in Hengchun Peninsula. The burst of fire on the ground surface is formed by the natural gas stored in the mudstone layer. However, since the location of the fire shifts, the locations of Chuhuo settlement and the Shanhuo bridge are not on the current scenic spots. In fact, the Chuhuo settlement was near Chuhuo Bridge because in the early days of the Japanese occupation, it was probably located on the Chuhuo Riverbank.

Nowadays, people live on the north side of the highway. Although there are not many households there, based on the sacrificial pot that was left there, the place was once inhabited by the Pingpu ethnic group, and was called Pingpufan Cuozhuang.

Xuhai end of Hengchun Beinan Historic Trail
緊鄰太平洋的恆春卑南古道旭海端

The Hengchun Beinan Historic Trail, which crosses Hengchun Township in Pingtung County and Taitung City in Taitung County, runs from Hengchun via Manzhou, passing through the end of the Central Mountain Range to reach the coast, and then passing through Xuhai and Guanyinbi. Continue walking north along the coast, you will pass by Nantian Hamlet and Anshuo Hamlet, joining other trails that leads to Pingtung, and finally arriving at Taitung City. In the middle of the Japanese occupation, the Hengchun Beinan Historic Trail had long been widened as a designated road for cars. Therefore, the remaining trails that we see today are mostly roads for cars during the Japanese occupation period. Currently the impassable section of the road is in the Guanyinbi area.

 

Guanyingbi
恆春、卑南古道封面照

Guanyinbi is located in Mudan Township, Pingtung County, and is on the Hengchun Beinan Historic Trail. The historic trail, which crosses Hengchun Township in Pingtung County and Taitung City in Taitung County, runs from Hengchun via Manzhou, passing through the end of the Central Mountain Range to reach the coast, and then passing through Xuhai and Guanyinbi. Continue walking north along the coast, you will pass by Nantian Hamlet and Anshuo Hamlet, joining other trails that leads to Pingtung, and finally arriving at Taitung City. In the middle of the Japanese occupation, the Hengchun Beinan Historic Trail had long been widened as a designated road for cars. Therefore, the remaining trails that we see today are mostly roads for cars during the Japanese occupation period. Currently the impassable section of the road is in the Guanyinbi area.

Tawa River
從高處遠眺塔瓦溪

The Tawa River Basin in Daren Township, Taitung County, originated from the valley between Mudanxi Mountain and Taihe Mountain, and finally flows into the Pacific Ocean. The Hengchun Beinan Historic Trail, which crosses Hengchun Township in Pingtung County and Taitung City in Taitung County, runs northward along the coast from Hengchun through Manzhou, joining other trails in Pingtung, and then arriving at Taitung City.  In the middle of the Japanese occupation, the Hengchun Beinan Historic Trail had long been widened as a designated road for cars. Therefore, the remaining trails that we see today are mostly roads for cars during the Japanese occupation period. Currently the impassable section of the road is in the Guanyinbi area.

 

Nantian Coast
從南田海岸親水公園遠眺觀音鼻和太平洋

Located in the Nantian Coast of Daren Township, Taitung County, the coastal landscape of the long pebble beach is still intact due to the undeveloped highway. It is one of the few pristine coastlines, rich in Nantian stones, and was named after the neighboring Nantian Village. The Hengchun Beinan Historic Trail passes through the Nantian coast, traveling north along the coast from Hengchun via Manzhou, then joining other trails from Pingtung, and arriving at Taitung City.  In the middle of the Japanese occupation, the Hengchun Beinan Historic Trail had long been widened as a designated road for cars. Therefore, the remaining trails that we see today are mostly roads for cars from the Japanese occupation period. Currently the impassable section of the road is in the Guanyinbi area.

Street in Nantian
南田部落的街景

Nantian village is located on the right tributary of the upper reaches of Fangshan River in Daren Township, Taitung County. The village was formed by the migration of tribes towards the end of the Japanese occupation. By the early post-war period, 17 households from Donggaoshe moved to the first hamlet in Nantian village. As population grew, the tribesmen from the first hamlet agreed to move to the second hamlet, and Nantian village became a settlement of two hamlets. The name Nantian, which means south fields, was given as it is located at the southern end of Daren Township.