Yilin Hamlet is located on the gentle slope of the foothills where the Dahou River and Neishe River meet in Laiyi Township, Pingtung County. In the early post-war period, the Paiwan tribe of Laiyishe collectively relocated their village to a new area. However, due to limited space, some people migrated here, forming Yilin Hamlet. The traditional Paiwan name of the place is Chianashia.
Today, due to the Morakot disaster in 2009 and Typhoon Fanapi in 2010, which caused severe damages to Laiyi Township, some residents of the Yilin Hamlet have moved to live in the Xinlaiyi Hamlet in Xinpi Township, Pingtung County. However, since the Xinlaiyi hamlet consists of different tribes, it still belongs to Laiyi Township rather than Xinpi Township.