Located on the southern edge of Qianliang Mountain, at an altitude of about 750 meters, the platform behind the shelter is the foundation of the Xianbi Police Post from the Japanese occupation period. The police post was established in the 13th year of Taisho (1924), and until today, there are fragments of utensils, guns and ammunition depots from the Japanese occupation period on the ground.
Indigene Management Facility
The Xiama Hamlet is located in Wulu Village, Haiduan Township, Taitung County, close to the top of the Southern Cross-island Highway, on a slope about 700 meters above sea level. The hamlet was originally located on a hillside about 1 km southeast of the present site and was formed under the Japanese government's forced relocation after the middle of the Japanese occupation. In the Bunun language, this place is called Vauvu, which means spine. It got its name because the mountain looks like a spine from a distance. There are only four Bunun families who originally lived near Vauvu. The Japanese named the place Ivaqo, set up a police post in the area to rule, and began to ask the Bunun people that were living scattered in the adjacent mountainous area to migrate to Ivaqo. In the late Japanese occupation period, Xian became a small settlement of about 10 households. In 1975, due to the collapse of the foundation caused by the typhoon, the government moved the residents from the old hamlet to the present location.
The abolished Fuxing Police Station was the Bibiwu Police Post on the Guanshan Historic Trail during the Japanese occupation, and behind it was the Fuxing Branch of Zhangshan Elementary School. The Bibiwu Station was originally located on the west bank of the Laonong River, but was later moved to the site of the Fuxing Police Station on the east bank for reasons of precaution. The Fuxing hamlet (Uaasik) is located in Fuxingli, Taoyuan District, Kaohsiung City. In the Bunun language, it is called Uaasik, which means a place that grows palms because there are many wild mountain palms here. The locals are more accustomed to using the Japanese translation of Bibiuw (bibiyoshe or Bibiwushe). The people originally lived scattered among the mountains and forests. During the Japanese colonial period, the Japanese implemented the policy of managing the indigenous peoples and forced the relocation of the tribe to concentrate on the left bank of the Laonong River, which is the platform about 2 kilometers east of the confluence of the Laonong River and the Lakesi River. At the end of the Japanese occupation, malaria broke out in the villages, causing the people to migrate, and the population dropped sharply. It was not until after the liberation that the malaria epidemic slowed down that the population gradually returned. At present, people mainly live near the present Fuxing Police Station. Since this hamlet is further away from the Southern Cross-island Highway, the settlements are scattered and small in scale.
The far ridgeline in the picture is Dashuiku, which is located in south of Mount Dashuiku, south of Mount Jianshan, and north of Mount Jianshan and North-faced Mountain, on the main ridge of the Central Mountain Range.
Nearby is a bamboo grassland with a good outlook and a natural pond. The Qing soldiers were once stationed here in the Qing period and named the camp Shuiku. Today, the pottery fragments left by the life of the people at that time can be found on site. Furthermore, this area was the prefectural boundary for Taichung and Hualien during the Japanese occupation period, and a checkpoint was set up. Currently, there are still traces of the stacked stone foundation. There are also semi-circular iron pipes on site, which were left from the Japanese occupation period when the water source of the Dashuiku was drawn from the pond in the north.
The Minami Police Post is located between the Zhizhushan Police Post and the prefectural boundary, with an altitude of about 3,225 meters. Unlike today, where one could pass through the police post, at that time, the traversing trail bypassed the outer wall of the post.
This image shows the stacked stone wall and rammed earth wall left on the Minami Police Post. The scope of the police post is approximately trapezoidal, about 40 meters long and about 35 meters wide, while the beveled stone wall is about 44 meters. There are remains of porcelain fragments, wine bottles and other containers to be seen on site.
Belonging to the Yushan National Park, the Central Gold Mine Hut is located in Xinyi Township, Nantou County, at an altitude of 2823 meters and about 4 kilometers away from Xiugu plain. The hut is made of steel, two levels with 20 beds, solar panels for providing night lighting, simple toilets next to it, and is equipped with picnic tables and chairs, etc. The water source came from the clear stream next to the fork road from the hut to the Dujuan campsite. The Central Gold Mine Hut was built on the foundation of the former Xiuguluan police post from the Japanese occupation period. It got its name from Mount Xiuguluan, and was known for gold mining during the Japanese occupation.
The Zhizhushan Police Post (Dujuan Camp) is located between the Xiuguluan Police Post and the South Police Post, about 3,150 meters above sea level. The police post was named after the flower Rhododendron that was abundant in the area. Hence, some call the police post the Rhododendron camp (Dujuan Camp). The Batongguan Traversing Historic Trail from the Japanese occupation period was located about 30 meters below the post, and so it is not the current mountaineering road that passes the post. During the Japanese occupation period, there were iron wires between the traversing historic trail and the post, which illustrates how indigenous peoples were prevented from entering the area at that time. Today, many living utensils from the past, such as wine bottles, can be found around the station.
This image shows the current state of the barrier behind what used to be the Zhizhushan police post, about 1.2 meters high and 18 meters long.
The front door and the back door of the police post have rammed earth walls with layered stones and the ground is covered with pine needles.
The Banaik Refuge Mountain Shelter is located about 100 meters away from the Barnaik police post that was built during the Japanese occupation period. Due to the insignificance of its geographical location, the Banaik police post was abolished at the end of the Japanese occupation period. The origin of the location’s name is unknown.
The Bunun people call this place BaBahrasno, which means "river" because on the southern side of the Batongguan plain, there was a small tributary of the Yanong River passing through it. When the "Central Road" was built during the Qing Dynasty, this place was used ot be called Pantonukua, which is the Cou language for Yushan. This was later transliterated to Batongguan, and the path is being use to this day.
Due to the dangerous terrain and that Batongguan has a good outlook, there were police officers stationed there with trenches, observation decks, and shooting ranges during the Japanese occupation period. There was a wrestling field in front of the station. Every autumn a wrestling competition is held between the police posts, and there are two rows of rammed earth walls about 1.2 meters high. Batongguan plain was a place where the historic trail of Japan and of Qing Dynasty intersects.