Batongguan plain was a place where the historic trail of Japan and of Qing Dynasty intersects. The Bunun people call this place BaBahrasno, which means "river" because on the south side of the Batongguan plain, there was a small tributary of the Yanong River passing through it. When the "Central Road" was built in the Qing Dynasty, Pantonukua, which is the Cou language for referring Yushan, was used to call this place, and the transliteration was Batongguan. The Japanese continue to use it to this day.
During the Japanese Occupation period, the Batongguan police post was not located on the same foundation as the Batongguan Campsite in the Qing Dynasty period, but about 120 meters north of the Qing campsite.
Due to the dangerous terrain and that Batongguan has a good outlook, there were police officers stationed there with trenches, observation decks, and shooting ranges during the Japanese occupation period. There was a wrestling field in front of the station. Every autumn a wrestling competition is held between the police posts, and there are two rows of rammed earth walls about 1.2 meters high.
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