The Guanshan Historic Trail, which crosses the Liugui District of Kaohsiung City and Guanshan Township in Taitung County, was built in 1921. The trail starts from Liugui in the west and ends in Guanshan in the east, with a total length of about 171 km. When the Southern Cross-island Highway was built, it was built alongside the Guanshan Historic Trail.
In the early days of Japanese occupation, the Government-General in Taiwan implemented the plan to regulate indigenous peoples. They confiscated guns, which caused the Bunun people to unite in the resistance against Japan. Therefore, the government began to excavate a number of roads across the mountains in the south, set up police patrol posts along the roads, and even deployed forts to suppress the indigenous peoples.
Today, the Guanshan Historic Trail has been replaced by the Southern Cross-island Highway. After the Jiji earthquake and the Typhoo Morakot, the historic trail has been broken into sections and only a part remains.
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